Search
Topics
  Create an account Home  ·  Information  ·  Your Account  ·  Contact Us  ·  Classifieds  
Ads

EquestrianCupid.com - the best horse-lover dating site!


Select Area
Driving Directions
NOAA Weather
Traffic Information

Free Classifieds 

Menu
· Home
· Archived_Stories
· Encyclopedia
· FAQ
· Information
· Search
· Top 30
· Web_Links

Get Map
MapQuest
Address/Intersection:
City:
State:ZIP Code:

Google Search
Google



Headlines

Horse Tips and Suggestions
[ Horse Tips and Suggestions ]

·Horse Grooming Tips
·Horse Vital Signs
·Quizzes : Horse Care
·How to clean the hooves
·Becoming an Outdoor Woman
·The National Next Of Kin Registry
·Homemade toys for horses
·Cooking: Favorite Horse Treats
·Equine Law and Horsemanship Safety

Who's Online
There are currently, 34 guest(s) and 0 member(s) that are online.

You are Anonymous user. You can register for free by clicking here

EquestrianCupid.com - the best horse-lover dating site!

Illinois: Hennepin Canal State Trail
Posted on Saturday, February 25 @ 00:00:07 MST by iljiana

Horse Camping & Trails 16006 875 E. Street
Sheffield, IL 61361
815.454.2328

The Hennepin Canal is more than just a fun place. It played a very important role in the history of the United States and to commerce and industry. In fact, the entire canal is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Thoughts of constructing a canal that connected the Illinois and Mississippi River date back to 1834. But financial problems in the state held back many public works projects. Pressure for a transportation shortcut that was cheaper than rail continued though, and Congress authorized preliminary surveys on the project in 1871. Construction finally got under way in 1892 and the first boat went through in 1907, reducing the distance from Chicago to Rock Island by 419 miles. There was a problem, however. As this canal was under construction, the Corps of Engineers was widening the locks on both the Illinois and Mississippi Rivers. With lock chambers twenty and forty feet narrower than the rivers it connected, the canal was obsolete before the Marion made her initial voyage.

By the 1930s it was used primarily for recreational traffic. The Hennepin and its sister canal, the I & M, tied the Illinois, Des Plaines and Mississippi river systems into a transportation network connecting Lake Michigan to the Gulf of Mexico. The I & M was completed nearly 60 years earlier and helped make Chicago one of the nation's greatest cities. The Hennepin Canal, which at one time was known as the Illinois and Mississippi Canal, was open to boat traffic until 1951. There was no cost to use the canal. Ice made from the canal's frozen waters was sold during the winters to help pay the canal's maintenance costs.

The Hennepin was the first American canal built of concrete without stone cut facings. Although the Hennepin enjoyed limited success as a waterway, engineering innovations used in its construction were a bonus to the construction industry. Some of the innovations pioneered on the Hennepin Canal were probably used on the Panama Canal. Both used concrete lock chambers and both used a Feeder canal from a man made lake to water the canals because both needed water to flow ‘uphill.’

There are 33 locks on the canal. Thirty-two are still visible. The first one, on the Illinois River, has been under water since the 1930's. Fourteen of the locks had Marshall gates, which are unique to the Hennepin, and are raised and lowered on a horizontal axis, much like a rural mailbox. Five of the locks have been restored to working condition, although they are not used. One of these is a Marshall Gate lock. All of the gates from the remaining locks have been replaced with concrete walls, creating a series of waterfalls.

The Hennepin originally had nine aqueducts -- concrete troughs which carried the canal and its traffic across larger rivers and streams. Today, six remain the other three are replaced by pipes that carry the canal flow under the creek or river the aqueduct crossed over.
Visitor Center

Before exploring the wonders at the park, stop in at the Visitor Center near Sheffield. There are several displays that help illustrate the canal's past -- including tools used to build and operate it. At the time the canal was built workers often made their own tools by hand. There's also a model of a lock with a boat going through it and a model of an aqueduct. Get a peek at the plant and animal life at the park through other displays at the center.

Just outside the center is a beautiful half-acre patch of wildflower prairie. Among the plantings are little bluestem and big bluestem-- the official state prairie grass.

Don't miss the marsh observation area and duck blind located near the Visitor Center. There you will see a variety of marsh type plants and animals including ducks, geese, redwing blackbirds, muskrat and cattails.

Camping

Class "C" and Youth Group camping are allowed along the Hennepin Canal Parkway at the following locations:

Lock 11, West of the Canal Prism
Lock 17, Northwest of the lock
Lock 21, North Day Use Area (drinking water available)
Bridge 14, North bank.
Lock 22, Southwest of the lift bridge (drinking water available)
Bridge 23, South bank
Lock 23, just West of the parking lot.
Lock 26, South bank

Equestrian camping is restricted to the south side of the Lock 21 area. Please clean up after your horses

Horseback Riding

The Canal is open from April 15 to October 31 annually. Bring your own horse and prepare to enjoy 48 miles along the main canal and over 25 miles along the Feeder. Gallop to your heart's delight along the corridor. Please stay out of the picnic areas and off the west tow path between bridges 43 to 56, and Locks 30 to 32. Be aware you will be sharing surfaces with bicyclists and pedestrians around aqueducts and in areas where there is usable towpath on one side only.

Directions to the Visitor Center

The Hennepin Canal Parkway basically parallels I-80 in Bureau and Henry counties in west central Illinois. The Parkway's Visitor Center is one mile south of I-80, just west of Route 40. East or westbound travelers on I-80 should take Exit 45, turn right (south) on Route 40. They almost immediately cross the Canal and in about 1 mile is the brown sign directing them to the Parkway Visitors Center. Turn right (west) and proceed to the Center.

  • While groups of 25 or more are welcome and encouraged to use the park's facilities, they are required to register in advance with the site office to avoid crowding or scheduling conflicts.
  • At least one responsible adult must accompany each group of 15 minors.
  • Pets must be kept on leashes at all times.
  • Actions by nature can result in closed roads and other facilities. Please call ahead to the park office before you make your trip.
  • We hope you enjoy your stay. Remember, take only memories, leave only footprints.
  • For more information on tourism in Illinois, call the Illinois Department of Commerce and Community Affairs' Bureau of Tourism at 1-800-2Connect.
  • Telecommunication Device for Deaf and Hearing Impaired Natural Resources Information (217) 782-9175 for TDD only Relay Number 800-526-0844.

For more information:
http://dnr.state.il.us/lands/Landmgt/PARKS/R1/HENNPIN.HTM


 
Related Links
· USDA Forest Service
· Veterinarians
· More about Horse Camping & Trails
· News by iljiana


Most read story about Horse Camping & Trails:
Howard Creek Horse Camp Silver Falls State Park



Article Rating
Average Score: 0
Votes: 0

Please take a second and vote for this article:

Excellent
Very Good
Good
Regular
Bad


Options

 Printer Friendly Printer Friendly



 
AlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColorado ConnecticutDelawareFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinois
IndiannaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMaryland MassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontana
NebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew Mexico New YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahoma
OregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth Dakota TennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashington
Washington DCWest VirginiaWisconsinWyoming
CanadaUSAWorldwide


All logos and trademarks in this site are property of their respective owner.
The comments are property of their posters, all the rest © 2005 - 2009 by HorseScapes.com
Site design and hosting by SSC Electronics.com

PHP-Nuke Copyright © 2004 by Francisco Burzi.
This is free software, and you may redistribute it under the GPL.
PHP-Nuke comes with absolutely no warranty, for details, see the license.